- TypeParquet board
the nut is American.
Nut with a firm shell and a kernel of cream color, a fruit of a high tree from tropical South America.
Brazil nuts contain 18 % of proteins , 13 % of carbohydrates and 69 % of fats . The share as fats makes 25 % of saturated fats, 41 % of monononsaturated fats and 24 % of polynonsaturated fats. Their contents in nuts impacts slightly earth relish. Content of saturated fats in Brazil nuts one of the highest of all nuts, above, than at nuts a macadamia . As Brazil nuts surpass in flavoring and nutritious qualities even coconut and a macadamia, they often replace them in cookery. At storage the cover of a Brazil nut quickly becomes bitter. Nuts are also used for expression of oils from them. Brazil nuts quite large in comparison with other nuts. Even in spite of the fact that on the market the most high-quality nuts get, as a rule, experts sometimes estimate them as less tasty, than related to them nuts as, for example, a macadamia, cashew and almonds .
On nutritiousness Brazil nuts, perhaps, are the richest source of selenium which maintenance greatest possible though the amount of selenium varies over a wide range  . Also these nuts are a good source of magnesium and a thiamine . A number of researches demonstrates that the dose of selenium reduces risk of a disease of a breast cancer and cancer prostate gland  of . It led to emergence of recommendations in the use of Brazil nuts as a preventive measure  . The subsequent researches about preventive impact of selenium on a prostate cancer are unconvincing  .
It is remarkable that the European Union introduced strict rules on import from Brazil of Brazil nuts in own cover as it was established that it contains the high level of aflatoxins which can lead to liver  cancer. According to Tony Farndell, the sales director of the English import company of nuts and dried fruit, removal of a cover for the purpose of its preliminary check became result of a situation on import of nuts in a peel. Thus aflatoxins come to light and restrictions for import of party are in case of need imposed.