Suspension bracket elements
Suspension bracket McPherson on the example of the left forward wheel on the rear wheel drive car:
Body details; Nizhny Novgorod lever; Extension (jet draft) or stabilizer of cross stability; Elastic element (spring); Damping rack; Hinged fastening of a rack; Rotary fist and nave of a wheel; Steering draft;
- Spherical support. Fastenings of levers of a forward suspension bracket to nave knot.
- Panar's draft — the inclined draft fixing the lateral shift of a suspension bracket concerning a body. Fastens one end to the right longeron, other end — to a beam of the back bridge near the left nave (or to the left longeron and the right nave). The simplest and cheapest way of the device of a back spring suspension bracket. It is not applied on spring suspension brackets in view of presence at rigidity springs in the lateral direction. A serious shortcoming is leaving of the bridge concerning a body during the work of a suspension bracket in the vertical direction to the left - to the right.
- Scott - Russell's mechanism . More perfect replacement of draft of Panar. The place of fixing of thirst for a beam is executed with a possibility of slipping of the end of draft in a horizontal groove on a beam. The second draft connecting the center of the first draft with an attachment point on the beam which is strictly under a point of an attachment of the first thirst for a body and from the opposite side of the car from a groove between the first draft and a beam is added. Excludes lateral motions of the bridge during the work of a suspension bracket. It is applied by the American samodelshchik and tyuningator to road rockets and cars with rather small courses of a beam of the bridge. It is applied on some Japanese cars (Nissan Almera, Bluebird, Primera) and so forth.
- Stabilizer of cross stability . The torsion working for torsion intended for creation of resistance to a car list. It is fixed in stupichny knot of the left wheel, further takes place in the direction of the movement to hinged knot of fastening to a body, further in the lateral direction to an opposite board of the car where fastens specularly similar to the first board. The torsion pieces passing in the direction of the movement work as levers during the work of a suspension bracket in the vertical direction. In the absence of a list both pieces turn on the same corner, the torsion is not twisted and turned in fastening knots to a body as whole. At a car list the left and right pieces of the torsion turn on various corners, twisting the torsion and creating the elastic moment resisting a list. On dependent back suspension brackets often is absent, instead longitudinal levers are attached to a beam by the rigid connection capable to transfer a torque. Thus, all beam assembled with longitudinal levers carries out a torsion role. On forward suspension brackets McPherson "lever" pieces of the torsion are often applied as one of 2 lower levers of a suspension bracket, also transferring longitudinal (in the direction of the movement) forces from a nave to a body.