- Country of manufactureUkraine
- Weight200 g
Today the laundry soap of production of CJSC Zaporozhsky maslozhirkombinat — is the best in Ukraine.
Detergents call the complex organic compounds applied in pure form or with additives to washing of products from textile fibers and washing of various household goods. These means facilitate also bleaching and dyeing of fabrics, production of emulsions and suspensions when receiving food goods, colourful structures, cleaning an iizmelcheniye of ores and other natural materials, increase antifrictional ability of lubricants, etc.
Laundry soap ― one of the most economic and traditional ways of a solution of the problem of purity. The laundry soap is made from natural natural raw materials, or from synthetic fatty acids. The laundry soap intends for the sanitary and hygienic and economic purposes ― washing of hands, ware, it qualitatively erases in hot and cold water, perfectly washes old dirty spots, is irreplaceable for washing of working clothes. The laundry soap is absolutely harmless to the person and many use a laundry soap or shaving from it for washing of the things that is justified owing to hypoallergenicity of a laundry soap.
The laundry soap still finds the consumers, despite the huge choice of detergents in shops. It is applied generally to washing of linen, especially children's and from natural fabrics, and also to washing of surfaces. The matter is that the laundry soap possesses a number of the properties not inherent in other types of detergents.
First, it is a natural and environmentally friendly product. Firm laundry soaps represent sodium salts of fatty acids and are made of vegetable oils and animal fats, and also the high-quality special additives improving their consumer properties at application.
Secondly, the laundry soap has alkaline balance (rn 11-12) thanks to what it is capable to delete even permanent pollution. It is possible to erase both in cold, and in hot water. It is noticed that to woolen products washing with a laundry soap does well, they become magnificent and soft.
Thirdly, it is proved that the laundry soap possesses antibacterial properties. In quality antiseptics it is used in medicine and is irreplaceable when cleaning production rooms.
And, at last, the laundry soap is absolutely harmless to the person as contains exclusively natural components. It is hypoallergenic (it is possible to wash even things of small children) and does not render an irritant action on skin.
According to the available data, soap similar to a modern laundry soap, was produced in ancient Sumer and Babylon (about 2800). Descriptions of manufacturing techniques of soap are found in Mesopotamia on the clay tablets relating approximately by 2200. The Egyptian papyrus of the middle of the second millennium demonstrates B.C. that Egyptians regularly washed with the help of soap. Similar detergents and in Ancient Rome were widely applied.
The laundry soap is absolutely harmless to the person and many on a habit use a laundry soap or shaving from it for washing of the and especially children's things that is justified owing to its hypoallergenicity. Content of fatty acids in a laundry soap does not exceed 72%, in it there are a lot of alkalis, quickly and qualitatively dissolving dirt and besides possessing antimicrobic action. Soap advantage, including economic ― possibility of its wide-profile application. Also laundry soap exerts positive impact on some properties of fabrics ― gives them splendor and dimensions.
The legend says that the word soap (soap) came from the name of the mountain of Sapo in ancient Rome where sacrifices to gods were made.
The animal fat which is emitted when burning the victim accumulated and mixed up with wood ashes of a fire. The received weight was washed away by a rain in clay soil of the river bank Tiber where inhabitants washed clothes and, naturally, observation of the person did not miss the fact that thanks to this mix the clothes washed off much easier.
In 1808 the French chemist Michel Eugène Shevryol (1786 — 1889) at the request of owners of cotton-mill established structure of a laundry soap. As a result of the analysis it turned out that washed - it is sodium salt of the highest fatty (carbonic) acid. In Europe and the USA continuous process of soap manufacture appeared in the late thirties together with continuous process of hydrolysis (splitting) of fats water and steam of a high pressure in soap-producing towers.
The laundry soap is made from natural raw materials of a natural origin (animal and vegetable fats), and also from synthetic fatty acids. Receiving a laundry soap is based on saponification reaction — hydrolysis of esters of fatty acids (that is fats) with alkalis as a result of which salts of alkaline metals and alcohols are formed.
In special capacities (cooking coppers) heated fats saponify caustic alkali (usually the caustic soda). As a result of reaction in cooking coppers the uniform viscous liquid which is getting denser when cooling — the soap glue consisting of soap and glycerin is formed. Content of fatty acids in the soap received directly from soap glue usually of 40 — 60%. Such product has the name of "glue soap". It is accepted to call a way of receiving glue soap "a direct method".
"The indirect method" of receiving soap consists in further processing of soap glue which is subjected to an otsolka — processing by electrolytes (solutions of caustic alkali or chloride sodium), liquid stratification results: the top layer, or a soap kernel, contains not less than 60% of fatty acids; the lower layer — subsoap chinks, electrolyte solution with high content of glycerin (also contains the polluting components which were contained in initial raw materials). The soap received as a result of an indirect method carries the name "yadrovy".
The soap premium ― pilirovanny, is received at a mastication of the dried-up yadrovy soap on rollers of the pilirny car. At the same time in the final product the content of fatty acids increases to 72-74%, the structure of soap, its resistance to an usykhaniye, rancidification and action of high temperatures at storage improves.
When using as alkali of the caustic soda receive solid sodium soap. Soft or even liquid potassium soap is formed when the caustic potash is applied.
The laundry soap turns out when cooling glue soap. Solid soap contains 40-72% of the main substance, 0,1-0,2% of free alkali, 1-2% of free carbonates of Na or To, 0,5-1,5% of the insoluble rest in water.
High content of fatty acids (72%) provides the high washing ability of soap.
Depending on the content of fatty acids the laundry soap happens three categories:
I (72%), II (70%), III (65%).
The more the content of fatty acids, the will be better to cope soap with dirt and microbes.
It should be noted that the modern laundry soap strongly differs from predecessors. Producers attended to how to make this product more attractive to consumers. For example, DURU soap is flavored by various additives and can have a smell of apple, a rose, a lavender. Other producers add to structure of a laundry soap the components which are well influencing skin of hands (A stork with glycerin). The laundry soap meets effect of bleaching on counters (Sarma, DURU). More and more habitual is a soap of white color, but not lurid, as at the time of our grandmothers.
However this detergent has also shortcomings. Alkali which so well copes with spots at the same time dries and degreases skin of hands. Therefore after use of a laundry soap do not forget to grease hands with any moisturizing cream.
The laundry soap represents detergent which main (active) part are sodium and potassium salts of fatty acids. The laundry soap is subdivided by the form initial material, to a way of production and processing, a consistence, content of the washing substance.
By the form initial material distinguish soaps on the basis of fats, fatty acids and the mixed fatty basis. In production of soaps animals (beef, mutton, pork, etc.), liquid vegetable fats (sunflower oil, cotton, etc.), salomas (fat from oil) - the solid fat received by a hydrogenation (saturation by hydrogen in the place of double communications) vegetable liquid oils use solid fats.
Solid animal fats contain bigger amount of saturated fatty acids and form when cooking solid soaps, well soluble at the increased temperature. Addition of solid fats of a phytogenesis (palm, coconut and other oils) increases solubility of soaps at the room temperature. Liquid vegetable fats form mazeobrazny soaps. Broad use of fatty acids allows to carry out easier and more stoutly soap manufacture. Fatty acids receive splitting of fats or in a synthetic way at oxidation of paraffin and other oil products. The mixed fatty basis can include fats, fatty waste (kitchen, waste), soap stock, resin and naphthenic acids. Resin acids (in the form of rosin or gloss oil soap) improve pricing and detain rancidification of soaps. Naphthenic acids lower stability of foam and hardness of soaps, do it to more soluble.
On a way of production distinguish the soaps received by saponification (cooking) of a fatty basis and neutralization of fatty acids. Saponification is carried out by effect of water solution of caustic alkali on a fatty basis at a temperature of 100 - 105 °. Fatty substances break up to glycerin and fatty acid which forms with alkali salt of fatty acid (soap) on reaction. Neutralization of fatty acids (carbonate saponification) - economically more favorable way of receiving soap as process of formation of soap accelerates and becomes simpler, and as alkali use soda as cheaper.
On a way of processing distinguish soaps glue, vysolenny, polished and pilirovanny. Glue soap is received cooling of a product of soap manufacture. It contains 40 - 47% of fatty acids, the remains of not reacted fats and alkalis, glycerin. Salt out soap for removal of impurity and increase in content of the washing substance. For this purpose enter into the boiling soap glue cooking, salt or the caustic soda. Being dissolved in water, these substances lower solubility of soap. Soap separates and as easier, emerges, forming a layer of more concentrated, so-called yadrovy soap. At a repeated vysalivaniye receive purer and light polished soap. Pilirovanny soap contains 70 - 85% of fatty acids and has more uniform structure. For its receiving soap is crushed, frayed on rollers, dried and pressed in pieces. On konsistentsiirazlichat soap firm and liquid. Solid soap is subdivided on lumpy, powder and in the form of shaving. On the content of the washing substance (sodium or potassium salts of fatty, resin and naphthenic acids) soap is divided into grades. Solid laundry lumpy soap happens 60, 66, 70 and 72%, liquid - 40% (the 1st grade) and 60% (premium). Powder soaps represent the crushed and dried up soap (68 - 82%) or the structures containing 10 - 25% of fatty acids in mix with alkaline salts the soda calcinated trinatriyfosfaty, sodium silicate