- Country of manufactureBelgium
Chloroform (trichloromethane or methyltrichloride, CHCl3) is colourless flying liquid.
Index of refraction: 1.44858 at 15 °C. Crystallization temperature: −63.55 C ° boiling Temperature: 61.152 With ° the Dipolar moment: 1.15 Debye Dielectric permeability: 4.806 at 20 °C
The industry makes chloroform chlorination, for example, of methane or chlormethane, heating mix of chlorine and the second substance in the necessary ratio to temperature of 400 — 500 °C.
In laboratory researches use of chloroform is necessary almost everywhere. The possibility of mixing it with the majority of organic solvents at the minimum solubility in water explains universality of this connection.
Today chloroform found broad application in production of pesticides, dyes, medicines, it is used and for fixing of fabrics, and also as preservative.
Chloroform is also used as solvent in the pharmacological industry, and also for production of dyes and pesticides.